Both the property that you sell and the new property you purchase must meet certain requirements. Both properties must be used for business or for investment. Property used primarily for personal use, like a primary residence or vacation home, do not qualify for a 1031 exchange. Both properties must qualify as “like-kind.” Like-kind property is property of the same nature, character or class. Most real estate properties are considered to be like-kind to other real estate. For example, if an investor sells a 4-unit home and purchases a large apartment building, those properties are still considered like-kind as both properties are classified as investment real estate. Land may also be considered “like-kind” with other real estate property types such as apartment buildings and SFRs.